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Final compensation

For all members, 36-month final compensation may be calculated using nonconsecutive periods if your salary was reduced as a result of a reduction in school funds.

Upon certification from your employer, CalSTRS will exclude the period of the reduction in school funds when determining final compensation.

CalSTRS 2% at 60 

If you are a CalSTRS 2% at 60 member, and you retire with 25 or more years of service credit, CalSTRS uses your highest average annual compensation earnable during any period of 12 consecutive months as the final compensation component in your retirement calculation.

The following cannot be used to qualify for the necessary 25 years:

  • Unused sick leave in excess of two-tenths of one year
  • Nonqualified service credit
  • CalSTRS Retirement Incentive Program credit

If you have fewer than 25 years of service credit, your final compensation is based on your highest average annual compensation earnable during any period of 36 consecutive months of paid employment covered by CalSTRS.

CalSTRS will automatically determine your final compensation by searching your past 15 years of records.

Eligible classroom teachers with fewer than 25 years of service credit may use 12-month final compensation if it is included in a written collective bargaining agreement, all costs are paid by the employer or the employee, or both, and the collective bargaining agreement was not entered into, extended, renewed or amended after January 1, 2014.

CalSTRS 2% at 62 

If you are a CalSTRS 2% at 62 member, your final compensation is based on your highest average annual compensation earnable during any 36 consecutive months, and you are not eligible for 12-month final compensation.

Compensation earnable 

Compensation earnable for a school year is the weighted average of the amount that you would have been paid if you had worked in each of your assignments on a full-time basis, which is also known as the annualized pay rate, plus any remuneration in addition to salary. Your compensation earnable is determined by dividing the total amount of salary earnings for which contributions are credited to your Defined Benefit account by the sum of the total amount of service credit earned during the school year and adding any remuneration in addition to salary.

If you have earned creditable compensation at multiple pay rates during a school year and your service credit at the highest pay rate is at least equal to 90% of a school year, then your compensation earnable will be based on your highest pay rate.

To determine the average annual compensation earnable for final compensation purposes, your highest compensation earnable is pro-rated for years in which you did not complete the school term.

For example, if you terminate employment in December and retire in January in the middle of the school term, CalSTRS will determine 12 months of highest average annual compensation earnable by combining one half of your compensation earnable for the 6 months of the year of your retirement with one half of the previous year’s compensation earnable for the previous 6 months.

Compensation limits 

Your compensation may also be limited by federal or state law. Compensation in excess of these limits is not considered creditable compensation. As a result, CalSTRS will not collect any contributions on excess amounts.

Although the compensation used to determine your benefit cannot exceed these limits, your service credit will be determined based on all your service without consideration of the limits.

Internal Revenue Code section 401(a)(17) limits the compensation that can be used to calculate defined benefit pensions for anyone who became a member of a government pension plan, including CalSTRS, on or after July 1, 1996.

If you are a CalSTRS 2% at 62 member, the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act of 2013 (PEPRA) also limits the compensation used to determine your benefit, and the limit is lower than that required by IRC 401(a)(17).

Current and previous compensation limits:

School yearPEPRA compensation limit*401(a)(17) compensation limit
2014–15$137,941 $260,000
2015–16$137,941 $265,000
2016–17$139,320 $265,000
2017–18$143,082 $270,000
2018–19$146,230 $275,000
2019–20$148,423 $280,000
2020–21$151,837 $285,000
2021–22$154,418 $290,000
2022-23$166,617 $305,000
2023-24$176,614 $330,000
2024-25$182,266 $345,000

*The first annual adjustment to the limit went into effect on July 1, 2014.

Learn about other limits that may affect you.