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Investment beliefs

These investment beliefs provide a foundational framework for all of CalSTRS’ investment decision-makers to invest in a manner that reflects CalSTRS’ unique view of the global investment markets and its vision for participating in these markets to accomplish its fiduciary goal. In this respect, these investment beliefs should help guide CalSTRS’ policy leaders and other decision makers to develop appropriate policies, procedures, and investment plans for CalSTRS’ assets.

Globally, large institutional investors have used investment beliefs as a basis for their investment decisions and for trimming their portfolio ideas or investments that were not congruent. Externally, publicly posting their investment beliefs helped funds’ members and stakeholders evaluate their fund’s investment program and provided more background for current and future decisions.

CalSTRS investment beliefs came together after several years of education, research and discussion.

Belief statements

1Diversification strengthens the fund.Diversification improves the risk-adjusted profile of an investment portfolio.
2The Global public investment markets are largely, but not completely, efficient.Historically, a large percentage of the CalSTRS portfolio has been passively or semi-passively managed, approximately 80% of which are publicly-traded assets. In today’s internet era, in the major market segments, information is processed rapidly at very low cost and acted upon quickly by millions of market players, making it very difficult to add value. However, there are certain segments of the markets where information processing is more challenging and costly. In these areas astute and well-resourced investors, such as CalSTRS, can utilize unique investment styles and methods to generate net-of-fee returns in excess of those available to a passive buy-andhold market exposure.
3Managing investment costs yields long-term benefits.Investment costs, if not managed appropriately, can have a significant (rather than frictional) impact upon overall portfolio performance. CalSTRS, as a large-scale investor, should focus on measuring, monitoring, and minimizing all relevant investment costs.
4Internal management is a critical capability.In contrast to other investors, CalSTRS commands significant resource flexibility and ability to execute its investment activities internally. Where feasible, CalSTRS should utilize internal management to best harness and direct its resources.
5CalSTRS can potentially capture an illiquidity risk premium.Illiquid investments offer investors a return premium due to the inability to quickly buy, sell or convert them to cash as quickly as liquid or freely traded assets. CalSTRS believes it can capture this risk premium by investing in real estate, private equity and other similar assets.
6Managing short-term drawdown risk can positively impact CalSTRS’ ability to meet its long-term financial obligations.As a system, CalSTRS is in a deficit funding position , experiencing ongoing negative cash outflows as benefits paid out exceed contributions received during a fiscal year. Given this status, the system is particularly sensitive to periods when its investments produce negative returns. In such situations, CalSTRS may be required to sell assets—due to its negative cash outflow status—when asset values are declining. In contrast, plans that exhibit positive cash inflows can purchase at a discount during such periods.<br /><br />As a result of this sensitivity, periods of significant negative asset returns will actually impair CalSTRS’ chances of achieving its long-term funding objectives, even assuming investment markets recover in later periods. Therefore, CalSTRS must attentively manage short-term drawdown risk when developing the long-term asset allocation and when shifting or rebalancing the portfolio.
7Responsible corporate governance, including the management of environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, can benefit long-term investors like CalSTRS.CalSTRS believes that, in addition to traditional financial metrics, timely consideration of material environmental, social, and governance (ESG), factors in the investment process for every asset class, has the potential, over the long-term, to positively impact investment returns and help to better manage risks.<br /><br />Proxy rights attached to shareholder interests in public companies are additional "plan assets" of the system. As a largely long-term investor, CalSTRS can enhance the value of its plan assets by taking a leadership role through voting proxies.
8Alignment of financial interests between CalSTRS and its advisors is critical.In keeping with existing policies, guidelines, and procedures, CalSTRS is best served when there is contractual alignment and transparency of financial interests with its external investment advisors and managers.
9Investment risks associated with climate change and the related economic transition—physical, policy and technology driven—materially impact the value of CalSTRS’ investment portfolio.CalSTRS believes that public policies, technologies and physical impacts associated with climate change are driving a transition to a lower carbon economy. As a prudent fiduciary and diversified global investor, CalSTRS needs to understand the transition’s impacts on companies, industries and countries and consider actions to mitigate risk and identify investment-related opportunities. CalSTRS recognizes the critical role that carbon pricing frameworks may play in integrating the costs of carbon emissions into the global economy to accelerate an orderly low-carbon transition and avoid exacerbating economic inequality and related geopolitical risks.